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Special Topic Report 08
===========================================================================
                           WORLDWIDE UTE NEWS                 
        An Electronic Club Dealing Exclusively in Utility Stations
        
                Special Topics Report 08     December 2002
                     
===========================================================================
                 
              This document replaces Special Topic Report 06/97
               
                === ROUTING INDICATOR GUIDE - version 6.0 ===

Last update: 23 November, 2002

Text: Ary Boender (e-mail: ary@luna.nl)
Database management: Paolo Romani (e-mail: via ary@luna.nl)

Copyright (c) 1990-1995: Ary Boender, 1997-2002: Ary Boender and WUN


Acknowledgements:
Info, logs and comments; Andreas Heymann, DG, Rick Baker, Mike Chace,
Roberto Robba, Day Watson, Bob Evans, and all the people who wish to 
remain anonymous, you know who you are!

Research:
   ACPs (Allied Communication Plans) 117, 121, 124, 127 & 176
   Federal Standard document FS-1037C
   Radio Navigational Aids and National Regulations
   Worldwide Utility News Club
   Popular Communications 
   Frequency Manager (Ing. buro fuer Satellitentechnik)
   Spezial Frequenzliste (Siebel)
   Confidential Frequency List (PWP)
   Monitoring Times
   RTTY Listener
   Grove's SW Directory
   Various US Navy MARS web sites
   NATO SFOR Home Page 

Note:
We tried to make this list as complete as possible. Comments, additions
or corrections are most welcome. Please send us new routing indicators
whenever you log them so that we can maintain the database properly. The
database is maintained in dBaseIII and is compatible with Access. The
current edition of the database includes over 12,000 Routing Indicators.
WUN members who want a copy of the database may download it from the WUN
website www.wunclub.com. It is updated regularly.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents:
   * Introduction
   * Routing indicators explained
   * Message formats and codes
   * Broadcast designators
   * French Forces circuit identifiers
   * Appendix A - circuit identifiers
   * Appendix B - naval broadcast designators
   * Appendix C - general callsigns
   * Appendix D - US Navy MARS precedence and region routing indicators
   * Appendix E - acronyms and abbreviations
   * Appendix F - most used Z-codes
   * Appendix G - sample messages

INTRODUCTION.
This document handles the basic NATO-message-format, a standarised form
for all traffic between NATO-units, commands, stations and services.
Also covered are other formats and lots of related items, such as routing
indicators, MARS routers, and broadcast designators.

Because automation became more and more important it was necessary to
standardize the form of the messages and the addresses of all parties so
that the traffic could be processed by using self-correcting computer-
telex-nets.

Please note that the general 'rules' mentioned here do not always apply
to all NATO nations. The codes used for the delivery times of messages
appear to differ in the various countries. Another difference is the
meaning of the 3rd and 4th letter in the routing indicator. Many countries
are using the 3rd letter to indicate where the action is. The French are
using the 4th letter to indicate the ''owner'' of the link, i.e. navy,
air force, etc.; other countries do not. Remember this when you copy this
kinda traffic.

Because of the automation, the routing indicators (RIs) will eventually
disappear. They are being replaced by IP-like addresses. Luckily there
are still countries who are using the 'old' RI system on short wave. The
French military are well known for this.

Besides the NATO countries (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) also the
SEATO countries (South East Asian Treaty Organization) are using the
same RIs and message codes as do Australia and New Zealand.

NATO members: Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.

SEATO members: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore,
Thailand, Vietnam.

ANZUS members: Australia, New Zealand, USA.


------------------
ROUTING INDICATORS

Extract from document FS-1037C:
-------------------------------
ROUTING INDICATOR (RI):
1. A group of letters assigned to indicate:
   (a) the geographic location of a station;
   (b) a fixed headquarters of a command, activity, or unit at a
       geographic location; and
   (c) the general location of a tape relay or tributary station
       to facilitate the routing of traffic over the tape relay
       networks.

2. In a message header, an address, i.e., group of characters, that
   specify routing instructions for the transmission of the message
   to its final destination. Note: Routing indicators may also include
   addresses of intermediate points.
-------------------------------

A very important part of a message is the ROUTING INDICATOR (RI). There
are RIs in each message. A RI shows the destination of a message in a
telex-network. They contain information about the sender and receiver
like the country of origin and operational area. A typical RI consists
of 4 to 9 characters. They are used to speed up the routing of a message.
Example: The HMS VINCINITY has a message for a state side station. The
radio operator puts the message in a standard format and uses a RI for
the correct address. He then transmits it to the nearest land station,
say Faslane. The radio-managing-system at Faslane "reads" the message-
RI and sends it automatically to the right station; via a computerized
telex-network.

Another example: we have a message that originates from RFFDEA and has
destination RFTJABC. The message is sent by telex to the next main net-
point, being RFFD (origin = RFFDEA). The computer at this net point reads
the recipient's RI (RFTJABC) and sends it to their main net point RFTJ.
Their the computer reads the next letter of the RI RFTJ_A_ and delivers
the message to regional net point RFTJA. The message will automatically
be forwarded to the next nodes till it finally reaches its destination.
This example is the most ideal situation. The system works with a ter-
restrial computerized telex network which is slightly different from the
situation on HF. On HF the RIs act more as a selcall. The RI triggers the
computer of the recipient or the computer of the communications center
that is responsible for the delivery of the message.

Note that there is a difference between a RI and the ADDRESSEE. Example:
'TO RUCOCGA/COMCOGARDON 44', where RUCOCGA is the RI and 'COMCOGARDON 44'
is the ADDRESSEE.

It is not unusual for one Routing Indicator to have multiple addressees.
For example, RFLIC is MARINE FORT DE FRANCE. Some other addressees that
have used RFLIC are:

        COMAR FORT DE FRANCE
        COMSUP FORT DE FRANCE
        MAIN FORT DE FRANCE
        MARINE SERTIM FORT DE FRANCE
        SERNAV FORT DE FRANCE
        BATIMENT "JULES VERNE"
        UNIMAR FORT DE FRANCE

It is only logical that the main communications center at the naval base
also handles traffic for other units stationed there as well.


ROUTING INDICATORS EXPLAINED
============================

A routing indicator consists of 4 to 7 characters.  

a. FIRST LETTER  - The letter "R" is designated as the common first
                   letter to distinguish world-wide routing indicators
                   from call signs, address groups and theater routing
                   indicators.
                   
                   First letter codes used are:
                   P = Reserve tactical station
                   Q = Reserve strategic station
                   R = Strategic station
                   U = Tactical station
                   
b. SECOND LETTER - The second letter identifies the nation, service,
                   or international alliance to which allotted, as
                   reflected in the Routing Indicator Delineation Table,
                   ACP 121.

c. THIRD LETTER  - The third letter normally indicates the geographical
                   area in which a station is located or from which it 
                   is served. Within U.S. communications networks the 
                   third letter does not necessarily reflect the
                   geographical area. Due to the shortage of routing
                   indicators in some areas and abundance in other areas,
                   assignments are made irrespective of geographical area,
                   particularly for dedicated network major relay stations
                   and dual access tributary stations.
            
d. FOURTH LETTER - This letter position serves a dual purpose as follows:
                   1. Indicates major relay stations, as generated by
                      assignment requirements.
                   2. Identifies the service or other national /
                      international entity, as shown in the table.
                      
                   Example: RFTLJFA (French Navy, Praia, Cape Verde)
                   Type of station   : R = Strategic
                   Country of origin : F = France
                   Operation area    : T = Northwest Africa
                   Service           : L = Navy
                   Unit              : JFA

 e. FIFTH AND FOLLOWING LETTERS  
    These letters and positions, when added to the four letters of a 
    major relay routing indicator, designate the minor relay or 
    tributary stations of that major relay station. The letter C and
    all two-letter combinations CA through CZ are reserved for 
    suffixes to relay station routing indicators. A meaning is prescribed
    for each authorized suffix. Suffixes are intended to aid the routing
    of messages for processing purposes or localized action by the relay
    station or any of its supplementary sections and facilities. The use
    of these suffixes for intra-network messages is optional but they are
    not authorized for use on joint or combined messages unless shown in
    the routing columns of the encode sections of the ACP 117 Series,
    Allied Routing Indicator Book. The meanings of authorized suffixes 
    are as follows:
    
    C  - Local delivery or refile in page form is required.(Used to
         designate the entire terminal section or the principal tributary
         station of a relay station.
    CA - National use, optional.
    CF - Section which accomplishes delivery of traffic by broadcast
         methods.
    CI - Section which coordinates routing information.
    CM - Section which prepares tape copies for retransmission.
    CN - Electrical conference facility or section.
    CP - Circuit/facility control point
    CR - Crypto center.
    CS - Section dealing with service messages.
    CT - Section which accomplishes delivery of traffic by telephone.
    CU - Section which accomplishes delivery of traffic to commercial
         carriers.
    CW - Section which relays traffic by radio telegraph (CW).
    CX - Section which uses tape relay methods for delivery of traffic
         to activities served by a military or commercial teletypewriter
         exchange system.
    CY - National use, optional.                 

    
                          ROUTING INDICATOR TABLE            
                
                  Second position:                               Fourth
     First     Nation or Intl Alliance    Third position:        position:
   position:   if "R" in 1st position  Geographical Area         Service
   ---------   ----------------------  -----------------------   ---------
A  Australia                           Eastern Asia              Army
B              United Kingdom                                    Army
C              Canada                  Central North America     Army
D              Denmark                 United Kingdom, Iceland   Army
E                                      Eastern North America     Army
F              France                  Continental Europe        Army
G              Germany                 Continental Europe        Army
H              USA                     Central South Pacific     Army
I              Italy                                             Navy
J              Reserved for National
               Reallocation                      
K              Greece                  Alaska, Aleutian Islands  Navy
L              Luxembourg              Caribbean, South America  Navy
M              SEATO                   Philippines, Thailand     Navy
N              Netherlands                                       Navy
O                                                                Navy
P              Portugal                                          Air Force
Q  Reserve     Belgium                 Middle East               Air Force
   World-Wide 
   Routing 
   Indicator
R  World-Wide                                                    Air Force
   Routing 
   Indicator                                                     Air Force
S              South Africa            Western Asia              Air Force
T  Turkey                              Northwestern Africa       Air Force
U  Theater 
   Routing 
   Indicator   United States                                     Air Force
V                                      South Africa              Air Force
W              NATO                    Western North America     Others
X              NATO                                              Others
Y              Norway                  New Zealand, Australia    Others
Z              New Zealand                                       Others
 

Additional info:
o France: the French naval bases are located in
  Cherbourg (Channel command base)    = RFFJ
  Brest (main Atlantic base)          = RFFK
  Lorient (Atlantic submarine base)   = RFFN
  Toulon (Mediterranean command base) = RFFL
  Papeete, Tahiti (refitting base)    = RFHJ
  Fort-de-France, Martinique          = RFLI
  Noumea, New Caledonia               = RFHI
  Cayenne, French Guiana              = RFLIG
  Saint Denis, Reunion                = RFVI
  note: France has permanent naval contingents in Djibouti (RFQP) and
        other countries using the local facilities. The same applies
        for army and air force contingents and the UN detachments.

o French naval vessels:
  There are a few rules, who are -again- not always followed. Officially,
  a RI for a vessel on the high seas consists of 3 parts;
  1) RI of the nearest base
  2) the letter 'M' for 'Mer' (= French for 'sea')
  3) a suffix of 3 letters (see appendix 3)

  Example: RFVIMJVN Jules Verne; RFVI = Reunion, the base that has to
  relay the message to the ship. M = mer/sea. JVN = the suffix of FS
  Jules Verne. When a vessel anchored in a port, it has to be addressed
  without the 'M'; i.e. RFVIJVN Jules Verne. As I said, this rule is
  not always followed and 2-letter suffixes have been noted as well as
  group-suffixes. Another common practice when sending traffic to more
  than one vessel, is to specify the address indicator for the first ship
  only. For example: RFlLIGJVN JULES VERNE FRANCIS GARNIER MARNE ORAGE.
  (RFLIG is Cayenne).

  On many occasions, French traffic actually contains the word BATIMENT
  (ship in French) before the name of the vessel. If several vessels are
  cited in the message, the plural BATIMENTS may be used. Transmissions
  originating from Fort de France or Cayenne often use the following
  phrase: TOUS BATIMENTS EN ZONE PETITES ANTILLES (All vessels in the
  the Lesser Antilles zone). A common misconception among many monitors
  is that "ALINDIEN" is the name of a French naval vessel. Actually, it
  is a contraction used to identify French Forces in the Indian Ocean.
  Hence the phrase "BATIMENTS ALINDIEN" is intended as a general routing
  message to all French naval vessels operating in the Indian Ocean.

o SYRACUSE:
  Like 'ALINDIEN', also 'SYRACUSE' is often mentioned as the name of a
  vessel. It is however a satellite system. A typical address may look
  like this 'TOUS BATIMENTS CECMED SYRACUSE'.
  As we already know, 'TOUS BATIMENTS' means 'all ships', while 'CECMED'
  means 'Commande Et Controle, MEDiterannee' and 'SYRACUSE' is 'Systeme
  de Radio Communication Utilisant un Satellite' (Radio Communication
  System utilizing a Satellite).
  It is the name of the French Ministry of Defence satellite system. The
  space segment of the system employs transponders carried on French
  Telecom satellites. The ground segment comprises fixed stations within
  France, together with mobile, transportable and shipborne stations.
  Data is encrypted for link security and the satellite is accessed using
  the code-division multiple access technique.

o USA / Canada:
  The Americans and Canadians compose the RIs in a slightly different 
  way. The first two character are used in the same way as other 
  countries do.
  The 3rd and 4th characters are unique routers assigned by the master
  station; they are more or less permanent. The US forces are using an
  automatic routing system called NAVCOMPARS (NAVAL COMPUTER AUTODIN
  ROUTING SYSTEM) or NOVA which does all of the necessary switching.
  If you see a message route that ends in "SUU" that is the routing
  indicator for NAVCOMPARS. It says in effect 'I don't know the distant
  end's routing indicator, you look it up.' Messages to navy vessels are
  usually sent to RULYSUU. Group-RIs have been noted, they are probably
  used when the messages are destined to all vessels in a squadron.

o US naval vessels:
  The US Navy also adds a suffix to the RI for naval vessels. Here too
  collective RI-groups are quite common, either a 'special' suffix is
  being used, or the suffix of one vessel is used for all the vessels
  in a squadron. I must add, that the use of 'special' suffixes seems
  to be more popular than the 'recognizable' ones.

  Examples:
  RHCF_MCC  USNS ALBERT J. MYER / PATRIOT / CHAMPION
  RHPB_SWG  USS STEPHEN W. GROVES


MESSAGES FORMATS AND CODES.
Each standard message consists of so-called 'format lines' (FL). There
are 16 of those format lines possible. There is a difference between the
format lines in a CW and a RTTY message. An example:

    VZCZCEAD035
    PP RGFDEA RGFBPJ
    DE RGFDEACF 4711 0051245
    ZNR UUUUU
    PR 051231Z JAN
    FM FGS ROMMEL
    TO RGFDEA/NAVCOMMCEN WILHELMSHAVEN
    INFO RGFBPJ/2(GE)DESSQN
    BT
    UNCLASS
    SIC SVC
    MSGNR 4711
    INT ZDK X21E 421/429/447/449/450
    BT
    (8 empty lines)
    NNNN

This message simulates traffic from FGS Rommel to NavCommCen Wilhelmshaven
via RTTY. So, how can we translate this stuff ???

FL-1  This line contains the start up-procedure for telex-networks. If
      a message is sent via HF it contains information of the message's
      classification.

FL-2  PP RGFDEA RGFBPJ: These are the RIs of the addressees. PP means
      that this is a PRIORITY-message.

FL-3  DE RGFDEACF 4711 0051245: RGFDEACF means that the originator is
      copying DHJ59 HF-frequencies. 4711 is the originator's message
      number, 0051245 is the julian date and time-group (DTG), the so
      called filing time.

FL-4  ZNR UUUUU: Security-advice. There are five classifications:
      ZNR UUUUU is used for unclassified messages
      ZNY RRRRR for restricted messages
      ZNY CCCCC for confidential messages
      ZNY SSSSS for secret messages
      ZNY TTTTT for top secret messages

FL-5  PR 051231Z JAN: Here are the priority codes again. Four priority
      codes can be used to indicate the time of delivery: R,P,O,Z.
      (R=routine, 24 hours of delivery, P=priority, 1-6 hours, O=immediate,
      30-60 minutes, Z=flash, not longer than 10 minutes). 'To' and 'Info'
      addresses often have different priority codes.
      Following is the DTG in ZULU-time (Z). The DTG consists of DDHHMMz
      MONTH. Zulu means time at time zone ZULU (equals GMT/UTC).

FL-6  FM FGS ROMMEL: From-line, indicates the originator of the following
      message.

FL-7  TO RGFDEA/NAVCOMMCEN WILHELMSHAVEN: Action addressee.

FL-8  INFO RGFBPJ/2(GE)DESSQN: Information-addressee (2nd German destroyer-
      squadron)

FL-11 BT, separates the address-part (FL 1 - 10) from the message-index
      (FLs 12 a - g).

FL-12 a) UNCLASS: Unclassified message (often clear text)
      b) SIC SVC: SIC-code, SVC = Service, for radio operators.
      c) MSGNR 4711: originator's message number
      g) INT ZDK X21E 421/429/447/449/450: Message-text. FGS ROMMEL requests
         DHJ59 to repeat transmission of X21E-messages 421, 429, 447, 449
         and 450.

FL-13 BT, end-separation

FL-15 EOM (end of message) procedure (8 line-feeds) and NNNN (end sign)

In FL-7 you may find AIGs (Address Indicating Groups) of max. 4 figures
(eg AIG3485). An AIG contains at least 10 fixed addresses. They are used
to direct messages to multiple receivers without mentioning them all
separately. At the moment there are about 8500 AIGs effective. Germany's
naval forces are using AIGs 3300-3499.

The above given message is a so called plain dress. Sometimes PLAIN DRESS
messages are shortened, skipping FL-5. All classified stuff is however
encrypted. NATO uses the AROFLEX encryption system (5-letter groups) for
their 'codress' messages. FLs 6, 7, 8, 9 are then left out; they are
included in the encrypted message.

The most used message formats are ACP-127 (NATO format and also used by
the French) and ACP-126, the latter is used by the USA. It is extremely
unlikely that you will ever see a modified ACP-126 message. All of the US
traffic is encrypted before transmission. Therefore I give you here an
example of a message in this format, so that you know how it looks like:

    RTTUZYUW RUBDOPU0001 1220841-UUUU--RHMCSUU.
    ZNR UUUUU
    R 120842Z MAY 97
    FM USS BRISCOE
    TO USS NEVERSAIL
    INFO COMNAVSURFLANT NORFOLK VA//00//
    BT
    UNCLAS //N03000//
    MSGID/GENADMIN/BRISCOE//
    REF/A/RMG/USS NEVERSAIL/101200ZMAY97//
    AMPN/REF A IS A TEST MESSAGE//
    SUBJ/TEST//
    RMKS/1. THIS IS A TEST//
    BT
    #0001

'ZEN' is often wrongly mentioned as a designator. It is no designator
but a 'Z'-code. A ZEN address followed by a RI means that the addressee
will receive its message in another way, NOT during the transmission that
you copied. This normally occurs when the addressee has the same address
as the originator. The message can be handed over and don't have to be
sent. Here is an example:

    FROM HQ SSG MAXWELL AFB GUNTER ANNEX AL//SSFA//
    TO AIG 8403
    HQ AFMPC RANDOLPH AFB TX//DPMDSAR//
    INFO ZEN/DISA MAXWELL AFB GUNTER ANNEX AL//LGSPS//
    ZEN/DISA MAXWELL AFB GUNTER ANNEX AL//UFGI/UFGO/UFGS/SSRI//
    UNCLASS

Another interesting code is 'T'. When 'T' precedes an addressee, this
means that the station who's designator is used is assigned to deliver
the message to the unit following the 'T-code'. The 'T' stands for "TARE"
often referred to as "TARE INSTRUCTIONS".
Example: HMS Invincible is operating in the Adriatic and monitors the
'X11I' NATO broadcast from Italy. Navy Whitehall wants to pass a message
to the Invincible. Whitehall will send the message via the NATO-telex-net
to broadcast control 'X11I' (RIFMPCF -Navy Augusta-) in Italy, asking
them to deliver the message to HMS Invincible. The message from Whitehall
to HMS Invincible via Augusta looks like this 'RIFMPCF T HMS INVINCIBLE'

An AIG is an Address Indicator Group who represents a fixed number of
addresses and is used to send a message to more then 10 units. This
looks like this: TO AIG 8403 (see above example). The system knows which
units are pre-defined in group 8403 and will direct the message directly
to the addressees. Sometimes the recipient of the message is mentioned
with its SIC (Service Identification Code). In the following example SIC
'SVC' is used. SVC means 'service' and is the code of the ComCen (commu-
nications center) and is used for messages between two ComCens.

Finally the priority codes for the delivery of a message:
   R = Routine, delivery within 12 hours
   P = Priority, delivery within 6 hours
   O = Immediate, delivery within 1 hour
   Z = Flash, direct delivery without any delay

      Example:
      OO RFFVAY
      DE RFFBBYZ
      291010 Z FEB 1996
      SIC SVC

EEI MESSAGE FORMAT.
This format is a.o. used by the Navy-Marine Corps MARS Telecommunications
System for emergency communications.

EEI MESSAGE FORMAT:
OO NOASA NOASI NOASC (precedence and region routing indicators)
DE XXX 001 (originating station message serial number)
O 171234Z MAY 96 (immediate precedence and date time group)
FM NNN0XXX NNY (station of origin)
TO NNN0ASA MD/DC
NNN0GBJ NNY
NNN0ASI CT
NNN0ASI ONE NNE
NNN0ASI TWO SNY
NNN0ASZ GA
GRNC (group no count)
BT
UNCLAS
SUBJ: ACTUAL EVENT/ EEI (subj line is MARS exercise if this is a
drill)

1.(EEI identifier)
A.(describe incident and location: include city and state)
B.(status of emergency medical facilities: unk if unknown)
C.(status of local transportation: unk if unknown)
D.(characteristics of damage: unk if unknown)
E.(area utility status: water, electricity, etc.: unk if unknown)
F.(status of communications: unk if unknown)
G.(information source/ time: your name, call, QTH, exact time)
H.(remarks and other pertinent info: if none, state none)
2.Actual event/ EEI (or MARS exercise/ EEI): same as subj line
BT
NNNN


EEI IDENTIFIERS
List of EEI identifiers for use in NAVMARCORMARS EEI messages, both
exercises and actual events. These are used in the first and last
phrases in the text of standard format EEI messages:

      EVENT:                   IDENTIFIER:
      -----------------------  ------------------
      Air Crash                FALLEN STAR
      Bombing Incident         LOUD BANG
      Bridge Damage/Loss       LOST SUPPORT
      Snow Storm (major)       WHITE BLANKET
      Civil Unrest/Riot        BAD MAGIC
      Water Dam Broke/Damaged  FAST WATER
      Nuclear                  NUCLEAR GRAYSTONE
      Chemical Spill           POISONED GROUND
      Earthquake               ROLLING THUNDER
      Hurricane                HOWLING WIND
      Tornado                  VIOLENT TWISTER
      Volcano                  BRAZEN BRIMSTONE
      Forest Fire              SCORCHED EARTH
      Flood                    TALL WATER
      Search/Rescue            SECURE HAVEN
      Gas Leak/Explosion       HOT AIR
      Interstate Blocked       BLOCKED LANE
      Ship Wreck/Incident      DEEP SEA
      Train Wreck/Derailment   BROKEN TRACKS


BROADCAST DESIGNATORS.
Each (NATO) broadcast station uses a so called Broadcast designator
(BCST-desig). Broadcasts are used by international armed forces to
deliver messages especially to naval vessels, actually to all units
who depend on HF! The broadcast system allows a unit on sea to receive
a message without verifying the receipt of it. A QSL message could give
the enemy a chance for a DF.
Example: a Turkish navy broadcast (designator T12A) is transmitted to
Turkish warships, even when the position of the ships is unknown. The
only negative point is: the originator won't know if the message is
received correctly. Normally it is!
All broadcasts have a specific designator, for example X11I, T12A, H34C,
A21X etc. So what do they mean? It is quite simple really, they are only
abbreviations, nothing more. It is shorter to say to a ship's captain
'Monitor BCST T12A during your mission' instead of 'Monitor the undecoded
RTTY-broadcast of Turkish Navy in Ankara, TBA during your mission.'

It looks like this:
   rr rxfndcf ryfzin
   de rxfnda 5335 3341100
   znr uuuuu
   r 291024z nov 96
   rxflya zon2 x21a
   fm commcen comnorth
   to ryfzin/norbat
   rxfly/jradsta bodoe
   rxflcf/bcs x31n
   rxdbon/cinceastlant
   rxdbhw/afnw
   rxfndcf/bcs x31n
   ryfnx/bcs y41n
   ryfwyc/bcs y41s
   rxflya/bcst x21a
   bt
   nato unclas

Each designator exists of a letter/figure/figure/letter combination. The
last letter(s) are optional. Here is what they stand for:

o First letter (indicates Nation or controlling authority)
     A = Australia                      N = Netherlands
     B = UK                             O = not allocated
     C = Canada                         P = Portugal
     D = Denmark                        Q = Belgium
     E = Spain                          R = not allocated
     F = France                         S = South Africa
     G = Germany                        T = Turkey
     H = USA                            U = USA
     I = Italy                          V = not allocated
     J = Argentina                      W = NATO
     K = Greece                         X = NATO
     L = Luxembourg                     Y = Norway
     M = SEATO                          Z = New Zealand

o First figure
1 -  Area-bcst (eg. Northern Atlantic, Indian Ocean etc.)
2 -  Sub Area-bcst (eg. Baltic Sea, The Channel etc.)
3 -  Submarine-bcst
4 -  Special-bcst, activated on special request (exercises etc.)

o Second figure
1 -  Encrypted RTTY-bcst, different encryption systems
2 -  Clear RTTY-bcst
3 -  Morse-bcst
4 -  FAX (don't know this for sure)

o Second / third letter
When a nation uses more than one bcst-station the 2nd and 3rd letter are
used to indicate the specific station. Sometimes, when a country has only
one station, the last letter is omitted. In case of a NATO broadcast (1st
letter = 'X'), the last letter(s) always indicates the location.

o Examples:
G23B: Germany, Sub area-morse-bcst, located at Wilhelmshaven (DHJ59)
D23A: Denmark, sub area-morse-bcst, located at Karup (OVG)
I11C: Italy, Area-encrypted-RTTY-bcst, located at Roma (IDR)
X21H: NATO-control, sub area-encrypted-RTTY-bcst, unid location

CIRCUIT ID CODES.
The French Forces network has many fixed links with (former) French
dependent areas. The circuit id's can be found at the beginning of each
transmission right after 'ZCZC' (see example).

        vzczclfa253      
        oo provence
        de provence 9086 2600710
        znr uuuuu
        controle de voie

Although not always true, most of the times the circuit id (CID) and the
return id (RID) consist of the same letters in reversed sequence (ie cid
AFL, rid LFA). Sometimes only two of the three letters are reversed (ie
cid EHP, rid EPH) and there are also a bunch of id's that do not follow
any rule (ie cid VAR, rid REU). Can you still follow it? :-))) Fact is
that the circuit often matches part of the sending routing indicator. In
the next example the sender is RFTJ and the circuit id is TJF. This is
the link with Port Bouet (RFTJF) and the return id is in this case JFJ.

        vzczctjf016
        oo rftj
        de rftj 2031839
        znr uuuuu
        controle de voie
        nnnn

One more thing about these circuits. In order to test the circuits, test
messages are being sent, at least once a hour. 'Controle de voie' means
'test of circuit'. A circuit can be tested between two stations or from
one station to the next node and back again. The latter can be done by
entering the same routing indicator as sender AND receiver. When the
message reaches the first node in the network the computer recognizes
the address of the sender and sends the message back.


APPENDIXES
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Appendix A - circuit identifiers

CID   RID   LOCATION SENDER             FROM / TO
---   ---   ------------------------  ------------------------------------
ABC   CBA   ZAGREB                    RFFKHOY/RFFMHOY/RFFXHOY (BIHAC)
AFL   LFA   DAKAR                     RFTJ to MoD PARIS ('PROVENCE')
ALI         FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to MoD PARIS
ARI   IRA   POINT-A-PITRE             RFLID to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
ARQ         NOUMEA                    RFHI to ?
ASL         DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFFIC (PARIS)
AVA   DET   MoD PARIS                 PARIS to RFFVAE (DHAHRAN)
BAI         BASTIA                    to PARIS
BEM   MEB   TOULON AREA (FFRTN)       RFFBBWM to RFFBBWM
BFL   LFB   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to PARIS ('PROVENCE')
BSL         FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to PARIS ('PROVENCE')
CBA   ABC   BIHAC                     RFFKHOY/RFFMHOY/RFFXHOY
CBF         LE PORT                   RFLIA to RFFBBC (ST GERMAIN EN LAYE)
CHY   EYH   ZAGREB                    RFFXHOY to RFFEDHY
CRI         FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to ?
CUD         GERMANY                   RFGXXCMA to RFGBBC
DAD   JDA   NDJAMENA                  RFTJDA to RFTJD (LIBREVILLE)
DCO         BORDEAUX                  to ?
DET   AVA   DHAHRAN                   RFFVAE to PARIS
DIB         STRASBOURG-BESANCON AREA  RFFGBC, RFFYRC to (FFRTN) RFFDCB
                                      (MOURMELON)
DIM   DJM   RENNES AREA (FFRTN)       RFFDCCS to RFFDCM
DJI   RUN   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFVI (LE PORT)
DJK   DKJ   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFTJ (DAKAR)
DJM   DIM   RENNES AREA (FFRTN)       RFFDCM to RFFDCC
DJR         DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to ?
DKJ   DJK   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
DNI         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFFIC (PARIS)
DRI         DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFFI (PARIS)
EDU   EUD   PISA, ITALY               RFFEDV to RFFEDU (GROSSETO)
EDV   EVD   GROSSETO, ITALY           RFFEDU to RFFEDV (PISA)
EGZ         BORDEAUX                  to PORT BOUET
EHO   EOH   BORDEAUX                  RFFE to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
EHP   EPH   BORDEAUX                  RFFE to TOULOUSE
EHQ   EHR   AJACCIO                   RFFHCA to RFFED (SOUGE)
EHR   EHQ   SOUGE                     RFFED to RFFHCA
EHZ         BORDEAUX AREA (FFRTN?)    RFFECC to RFFECHZ
EIT   TGP   CAP VERT                  RFTJI to RFTJ (DAKAR)
EOH   EHO   VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFE (BORDEAUX)
EPH   EHP   TOULOUSE                  TOULOUSE to RFFE (BORDEAUX)
ERT   ETR   MONTARGIS (FFRTN)         RFFZEVO to RFFZEVM, RFFZEVN, RFFZEVL
ETR   ERT   MONTARGIS (FFRTN)         RFFZEVM to RFFZEVO, RFFZEV, RFFZEVL
EUD   EDU   GROSSETO, ITALY           RFFEDU to RFFEDV (PISA)
EVD   EDV   PISA, ITALY               RFFEDV to RFFEDU (GROSSETO)
EYH   CHY   BIHAC                     RFFEDHY to RFFXHOY (ZAGREB)
FBL         FORT DE FRANCE            to PARIS
FDA         MoD PARIS                 RFFB to ? (various)
FDI   IDF   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to PARIS
FDJ         PORT BOUET                to LIBREVILLE
FDX         MoD PARIS                 RFFVA to ? (various)
FDXA  FKWA  MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFFVAY (SARAJEVO)
FDXB  FKWB  MoD PARIS                 RFFR to RFFVAY (SARAJEVO)
FDZ         N'DJAMENA                 to PARIS
FDZ2        N'DJAMENA                 to PARIS
FDZ2A FDX   NDJAMENA                  RFFVAD to RFFVA (PARIS)
FDZ2B FDX   NDJAMENA                  RFFVAD to RFFVA (PARIS)
FDZA        PARIS                     to N'DJAMENA
FDZB        PARIS                     to N'DJAMENA
FKN         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
FKO         DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFTJ (DAKAR)
FKO         DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFVI (LE PORT)
FKOA        DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFVA (PARIS)
FKOB        DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFVA (PARIS)
FKW4  FDX   INCIRLIK                  RFFVAT to RFFP (PARIS)
FKWA  FDXA  SARAJEVO                  RFFVAY to RFFVY
FKWB  FDXB  SARAJEVO                  RFFVAY to RFFA (PARIS)
FRFDX       MoD PARIS                 RFFTC to RFFVAE (ALYSSE)
FTI   ITF   LIBREVILLE                RFTJD to RFFA (PARIS)
FTK         LIBREVILLE                RFTJD to ?
GAG   IGA   KOUROU                    RFLIGA to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
GDI   IDG   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCD to RFFGCD
GEA         LIBREVILLE                to ?
GEG         SAINT JEAN DU MARONI      RFLIGE to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
GLI         FORT DE FRANCE            to ?
HII   VII   NOUMEA                    RFHI to RFVI (LE PORT)
HIJ   HJI   NOUMEA                    RFHI to RFHJ (PAPEETE)
HJI   HIJ   PAPEETE                   RFHJ to RFHI (NOUMEA)
HJL   LIH   PAPEETE                   RFHJ to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
HZE         PORT BOUET                RFTJF to PARIS
HZS         PORT BOUET                RFTJF to BORDEAUX
IAA   IBA   LILLE                     RFFC to RFFEC (BORDEAUX)
IAD   IDA   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFLID (POINT-A-PITRE)
IAG   IGA   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
IAH   HAI   MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFTJD (LIBREVILLE)
IBA   IAA   BORDEAUX                  RFFEC to RFFC (LILLE)
IBO         PARIS                     to DJIBOUTI
IDA   IAD   POINTE A PITRE            RFLID to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
IDF   FDI   MoD PARIS                 PARIS to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
IDG   GDI   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCD to RFFGCD
IDR   DRI   MoD PARIS                 RFFI to RFTJ (DAKAR)
IFD         MFA PARIS                 RFGW to ? (various)
IGA   GAG   CAYENNE                   RFLIG to RFLIGA (KOUROU)
IGA   IAG   CAYENNE                   RFLIG to RFLID (FORT DE FRANCE)
IGE   EGI   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFLIGE (ST JEAN DU MORONI)
IGU   UGI   MoD PARIS                 PARIS to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
IHA   IGA   BADEN-BADEN               RFGXX to RFFH (MARSEILLE)
IIA   IJA   MARSEILLE                 RFFHCCS to RFFHCA/RFFHCAB (AJACCIO)
IJA   IIA   AJACCIO                   RFFHCA to RFFHCC (MARSEILLE)
IKB         BADEN-BADEN               RFGXX to MARSEILLE
IKD         MoD PARIS                 RFFQ to RFFHCA (AJACCIO)
IKG   ILG   RENNES                    RFFDC to RFFF (LYON)
ILD         MARSEILLES                RFFH to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
ILG   IKG   LYON                      RFFF to RFFDC (RENNES)
IMA   MAI   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFVIMA (PHNOMPENH)
IMK   INK   MARSEILLE                 RFFH to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
INC         PARIS                     to BERLIN
IND         PARIS                     to LE PORT
INK   IMK   VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFH (MARSEILLE)
IPA         DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFVI (LE PORT)
IQJ         MoD PARIS                 RFFA to ?
IRE   REI   MoD PARIS                 PARIS to RFVI (LE PORT)
IRT   RTI   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
ISG   SGI   MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFTJ (DAKAR)
ITF   FTI   MoD PARIS                 RFFVA to RFTJD (LIBREVILLE)
ITT   TTT   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFVITT (MAYOTTE)
IUL   IVL   BADEN-BADEN               RFGXXC to RFGAAC (TREVES)
IUW   IVW   BORDEAUX                  RFFECC to RFFGBE (STRASSBOURG)
IUX   IVX   BERLIN                    RFGEE to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
IVL   IUL   TREVES                    RFGAAC to RFGXXBLU (BADEN)
IVW         STRASSBOURG               RFFG to ?
IWV   IXV   RENNES                    RFFDC to RFFG (NANCY)
IXV   IWV   NANCY                     RFFG to RFFDC (RENNES)
JBI         VERSAILLES                to BANGUI
JBL         VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFXL (BEIRUT)
JDA   DAD   LIBREVILLE                RFTJD to RFTJDA (NDJAMENA)
JDF   JFD   LIBREVILLE                RFTJD to RFTJF (PORT BOUET)
JDJ   TJD   LIBREVILLE                RFTJD to RFTJ (DAKAR)
JFD   JDF   PORT BOUET                RFTJF to RFTJD (DOUALA)
JFJ   TJF   PORT BOUET                RFTJF to RFTJ (DAKAR)
JTA   TJA   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFTJ (DAKAR)
KQI         BREST                     RFFK to ?
LFA   AFL   MoD PARIS ('PROVENCE')    PARIS to RFTJ (DAKAR)
LFB   BFL   MoD PARIS ('PROVENCE')    PARIS to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
LIH   HJL   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFHJ (PAPEETE)
LIJ   TJI   FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFTJ (DAKAR)
LLZ         PARIS                     to LILLE
LSA         PARIS                     to DJIBOUTI
LSB   BSL   MoD PARIS                 RFF? to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
LXI   XLI   CAYENNE OR KOUROU         RFLIGCS to RFFXCC (PARIS)
MAI   IMA   PHNOMPENH                 RFVIMA to RFVI (LE PORT)
MAY   MAZ   MARSEILLE                 to PARIS
MEB   BEM   TOULON AREA (FFRTN)       RFFBBWM to RFFBBWM
ODS   OSD   MONTARGIS (FFRTN)         RFFZEVL, RFFZEVM, RFFZEVN, RFFZEVO
PBA         DJIBOUTI                  to PARIS
PIA         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
PMI         PAPEETE                   RFHJ to RFHI (NOUMEA)
PQA   QPA   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
PQB   QPB   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
PQC   QPC   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
PVX         AF PARIS                  RFFTA to RFFVAY (SARAJEVO)
QPA   PQA   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFP (PARIS)
QPB   PQB   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFR (PARIS)
QPC   PQC   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFR (PARIS)
QPE   PQE   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFR (PARIS)
QPF   PQF   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFT (PARIS)
QPG   PQG   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFT (PARIS)
QPS   SPQ   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFQPS (MOGADISCIO)
QRF   FRQ   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to PARIS
QRG   RQG   DJIBOUTI                  RFQP to RFFA (PARIS)
QVA         MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
QVX   DET   MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFFUAX and RFFVAEA (DHAHRAN)
REI   IRE   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFFA (PARIS)
REU   VAR   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFVINDI, RFVIVAR, RFFLLMP
REX         MFA PARIS                 RFGW to various embassies
RNY         RENNES                    to PARIS
RQF   QPF   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
RQG   QRG   MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
RQT   QRT   MoD PARIS                 RFFA to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
RTC   CTR   BORDEAUX                  RFFE to RFFZ
RTF         FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to CAYENNE
RTI   IRT   CAYENNE                   RFLIG to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
RUN   DJI   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
RUP         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
RVA   AVR   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFFVAY (SARAJEVO)
RVI         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
SGI   ISG   DAKAR                     RFTJ to PARIS
SPQ   QPS   MOGADISCIO                RFFMHMM to PARIS RIs via DJIBOUTI
TCR   RCT   MONTARGIS (FFRTN)         RFFZEVL, RFFZEVM, RFFZEVN, RFFZEVO
TFJ         PORT BOUET                to DAKAR
TGP   EIT   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFTJI
TIJ         DAKAR                     RFTJ to PAPEETE
TJA   JTA   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
TJD   JDJ   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFTJD (LIBREVILLE)
TJF   JFJ   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFTJF (PORT BOUET)
TJI   LIJ   DAKAR                     RFTJ to RFLI (FORT DE FRANCE)
TTT   ITT   DZAOUDZI, MAYOTTE         RFVITT to RFVITZ (LE PORT)
UAB   UBA   TOULON                    RFFL to ?
UAC   UCA   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEME to RFFGCEMB
UAE   UEA   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEMD to RFFGCEM
UAF   UFA   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEME to RFFGCEMB
UAP   UPA   ORLEANS AREA (FFRTN)      RFFBBWN to RFFZEC
UAQ   UQA   MoD PARIS                 RFFXC/RFFXCCS to RFFXQA (SARAJEVO)
UBD   UDB   TOULOUSE AREA (FFRTN)     RFFWERM to RFFWER (TOULOUSE)
UBF         ?                         RFFEDBF to ?
UBL   ULB   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGC to RFFGCCS
UBM   UMB   TOULON                    RFFBBWM to RFFG RFFHAD, RFFWER
UBO   UOB   METZ OR NANTES (FFRTN)    RFFDBCM to RFFDBC
UBZ   UZB   MARSEILLES                RFFH to RFFXL (BEIRUT)
UCA   UAC   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEMH to RFFGCEME
UDB   UBD   METZ OR TOULOUSE AREA     RFFWERM DE METZ (FFRTN)
UDE   UED   BERLIN AREA (FFRTN)       RFGEECT to RFGEECM
UDF         BADEN-BADEN               RFGXXCM to RFGBBCM
UEA   UAE   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEMB to RFFGCEMH
UED   UDE   BERLIN AREA (FFRTN)       RFGEECM to RFGEECS
UFA   UAF   METZ AREA (FFRTN)         RFFGCEM, RFFGCEMD to RFFGCEMF
UFG   UGF   LILLE AREA (FFRTN)        RFFCCCMA to RFFCCCM
UFH   UHF   LILLE AREA (FFRTN)        RFFCCCQ to RFFCCCMA
UFM         ?                         RFFEDFM to SOUGE
UGF   UHF   LILLE AREA (FFRTN)        RFFE to RFFCCC (LILLE)
UGI   IGU   CAYENNE                   RFLIG to RFFA (PARIS)
UHF   UGF   LILLE AREA (FFRTN)        RFFCCC to RFFCCMA
UIF         ?                         RFFEDFE to ?
UMB   UBM   LYON AREA (FFRTN)         RFFFCC to RFFBBWM
UOB   UBO   NANTES AREA (FFRTN)       RFFDBCM to RFFDBCM
UPA   UAP   ORLEANS REGION (FFRTN)    RFFLP, RFFCCCS, RFFZEC to RFFBBWN
UQA   UAQ   SARAJEVO                  RFFXQA to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
UYZ         BORDEAUX                  RFFCC to RFGY
VAR   REU   OMAN, GULF OF             RFVINDI to RFVI (LE PORT)
VAR   REU   OMAN, GULF OF             RFVINDI to RFVI (LE PORT)
VII   HII   LE PORT                   RFVI to RFHI (NOUMEA)
VIP         LE PORT                   RFVI to RFQP (DJIBOUTI)
XLI   LXI   MoD PARIS                 RFFXCC to RFLIGCS (CAYENNE or KOUROU)
XPV   PVX   MoD PARIS                 RFFP to RFFVAY (SARAJEVO)
XXI   XZI   VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFXI (BANGUI)
XXL   XZL   VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFXL (LEBANON)
XXS   XZS   VERSAILLES                RFFX to RFFXS (MOGADISCIO)
XXX         FORT DE FRANCE            RFLI to RFLIG (CAYENNE)
XZI   XXI   BANGUI                    RFFXI to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
XZL   XXL   LEBANON (UNIFIL)          RFFXL to RFFX (VERSAILLES)
XZS   XXS   MOGADISCIO                RFFXS to RFFX (VERSAILLES)


* Appendix B - naval broadcast designators
The list shows examples of combinations that were copied by monitors.
Whenever possible the location is mentioned.

A13B      CANBERRA                 AUS
B11A      NORTHWOOD                G
B13A      NORTHWOOD                G
C11A      VANCOUVER                CAN
C11E      VANCOUVER                CAN
C13A      TORONTO                  CAN
C13B      HALIFAX                  CAN
C13E      ESQUIMALT                CAN
C13L      HALIFAX                  CAN
C13LR     VANCOUVER                CAN
C21A      HALIFAX                  CAN
C23A      HALIFAX                  CAN
D21       ARHUS                    DNK
D23       ARHUS                    DNK
D23A      STEVNS                   DNK
E13A      MADRID                   E
G21A      GLUECKSBURG              D
G21B      WILHELMSHAVEN            D
G23A      GLUECKSBURG              D
G23B      WILHELMSHAVEN            D
G23G      RAMSLOH                  D
G33D      GLUECKSBURG (EX ANTHORN) D
G33DG     GLUECKSBURG (EX ANTHORN) D
I11C      ROME                     I
I13A      ROME                     I
K13A      PIRAEUS                  GRC
K13G      SPATA ATTIKIS            GRC
K13Y      SPATA ATTIKIS            GRC
N13A      GOEREE                   HOL
N21A      GOEREE                   HOL
N23A      GOEREE                   HOL
P13A      MONSANTO                 POR
P13C      HORTA                    AZR
P13D      FUNCHAL                  MDR
P13G      MONSANTO                 POR
T11B      ANKARA                   TUR
T13A      IZMIR                    TUR
X11I      ROME                     I
X13A      NORTHWOOD                G
X21A      NORWAY                   NOR
X21D      GLUECKSBURG              D
X21E      WILHELMSHAVEN            D
X21Y      STAVANGER                NOR
X23C      HALIFAX                  CAN
X31A      NORWAY                   NOR
Y23       STAVANGER                NOR
Y21       STAVANGER                NOR
Y41A      NORWAY                   NOR
Y41S      NORWAY                   NOR


* Appendix C - general callsigns

GC = GENERAL CALL FOR ALL / ANY ....
9GTA     NAVY          GC GHANIAN WAR SHIPS                     GHA
CGMP     RCMP          GC ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE         CAN
CGNS     NAVY          GC CANADIAN WAR SHIPS                    CAN
CTAA     NAVY          GC PORTUGUESE WAR SHIPS                  POR
DAAA     NAVY          GC GERMAN WAR SHIPS                      G
EBBB     NAVY          GC SPANISH WAR SHIPS                     E
FAAA     NAVY          GC FRENCH WAR SHIPS                      F
FAAG     NAVY          GC FRENCH WAR SHIPS IN THE PACIFIC       NCL
FAAZ     NAVY          GC FRENCH WAR SHIPS                      F
FCMP     NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS IN THE E.PACIFIC       HWA
GCMP     NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS IN THE W.PACIFIC       GUM
GCMP2    NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS IN THE W.PACIFIC       GUM
IAAD     NAVY          GC ITALIAN WAR SHIPS                     I
IAAM     NAVY          ALL COAST STATIONS OF THE ITALIAN NAVY   I
IAAX     NAVY          GC ITALIAN WAR & MERCHANT SHIPS          I
LBBA     NAVY          GC NORWEGIAN WAR SHIPS                   NOR
LCMP2    NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS IN THE ATLANTIC        USA
LCMP3    NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS IN THE ATLANTIC        USA
NCG      NAVY / USCG   ALL COAST STATIONS OF THE US COAST GUARD USA
NCU      NAVY / USCG   GC CUTTERS OF THE U.S. COAST GUARD       USA
NERK     NAVY          GC U.S. WAR SHIPS                        USA
NIDK     NAVY / USCG   GC SHIPS OF THE U.S.C.G. ICE PATROL      USA
OVA      NAVY          ALL COAST STATIONS OF THE DANISH NAVY    DNK
OVAA     NAVY          GC DANISH WAR SHIPS                      DNK
PASM     NAVY          GC DUTCH SUBMARINES                      HOL
PCAA     NAVY / CIVIL  GC DUTCH WAR & MERCHANT SHIPS            HOL
PCAB     NAVY          GC DUTCH WAR SHIPS                       HOL
SNWA     NAVY          GC POLISH WAR SHIPS                      POL
TBDJ     NAVY          GC TURKISH WAR SHIPS                     TUR


* Appendix D - US Navy MARS precedence and region routing indicators

o Call Sign Blocks
NNN0ASA - NNN0ASZ   Chief, MARS, Staff, Region Directors and Assistants
NNN0CAA - NNN0CZZ   US Navy and Coast Guard Ships
NNN0GAA - NNN0GEZ   Area Coordinators
NNN0GFA - NNN0GJZ   Senior Chief NAVMARCORMARS Operators
NNN0GKA - NNN0GOZ   Master Chief NAVMARCORMARS Operators
NNN0MAA - NNN0MZZ   Marine Corps Military Auspices Stations
NNN0NAA - NNN0NZZ   Navy Military Auspices Stations, US Navy
                    and Coast Guard Stations
NNN0PPA - NNN0PPZ   Speciality Network Coordinators

o Region Directors
NNN0ASA - Chief, Navy-Marine Corps MARS
NNN0ASB - Deputy Chief, Navy-Marine Corps MARS
NNN0ASC - Director, Region Two
NNN0ASD - Chief, Assistant, Administration
NNN0ASE - Director, Region Five
NNN0ASF - Director, Region Three
NNN0ASG - Director, Region Four
NNN0ASI - Director, Region One
NNN0ASK - Director, Region Seven
NNN0ASL - Director, Region Eight
NNN0ASM - HQ Marine Corps Liaison Officer
NNN0ASO - Chief, Assistant, Training
NNN0ASP - Chief, Assistant, Special Orojects
NNN0ASQ - Chief, Assistant, Technical Library
NNN0ASR - Chief, Assistant, VHF Repeaters
NNN0AST - Chief, Assistant, MARS Data System
NNN0ASW - Officer-in-charge, HQ MARS Radio Station
NNN0ASX - Chief, Assistant, Coast Guard Auxillary
NNN0ASY - Chief, Assistant, Public Affairs
NNN0ASZ - Chief, Assistant, Emergency Communications Planning

o Suffixes
The Region Director's call sign + a number suffix will be assigned
to assistants when necessary.

 1 - Assistant Director
 2 - Emergency Communications Planning
 3 - Net Operations
 4 - Training
 5 - Technical Matters
 6 - Special Projects
 7 - VHF-FM Repeaters
 8 - Public Affairs
 9 - Library
10 - Region MDS Operation
11 - Logistics
12 - Equipment Administration
13 - Personnel Administration
14 - Computers/Data Processing
15 - Army/Air Force MARS Liaison
16 - Frequency Monitoring
17/29 - All other assistants
30/35 - Only used during emergencies

o Area Coordinators
NNN0GAA - AL (Region Two)
NNN0GAB - AK (Region Seven)
NNN0GAC - AZ/UT (Region Five)
NNN0GAD - AR (Region Three)
NNN0GAE - NCA (Region Five)
NNN0GAF - SCA (Region Five)
NNN0GAG - CO/WY (Region Four)
NNN0GAH - CT (Region One)
NNN0GAL - FL (Region Two)
NNN0GAM - GA (Region Two)
NNN0GAN - HI (Region Eight)
NNN0GAO - ID/MT (Region Seven)
NNN0GAP - IL (Region Four)
NNN0GAQ - IN (Region Four)
NNN0GAR - IA (Region Four)
NNN0GAS - KS (Region Four)
NNN0GAT - KY (Region Two)
NNN0GAU - LA (Region Three)
NNN0GAV - NNE (Region One)
NNN0GAX - MA/RI (Region One)
NNN0GAY - MI (Region Four)
NNN0GAZ - MN (Region Four)
NNN0GBA - MS (Region Two)
NNN0GBB - MO (Region Four)
NNN0GBD - NE (Region Four)
NNN0GBE - NV (Region Five)
NNN0GBG - NJ/DE (Region One)
NNN0GBI - NM (Region Three)
NNN0GBJ - NNY (Region One)
NNN0GBK - SNY (Region One)
NNN0GBL - NC (Region Two)
NNN0GBM - ND (Region Four)
NNN0GBN - OH (Region One)
NNN0GBW - MD/DC (Region Two)
NNN0GCP - PA (Region One)

o Collective Call Signs
NNN0ALA - All Assistants to NAVMARCORMARS Directors
NNN0ALC - All Area Coordinators
NNN0ALD - All Directors
NNN0ALL - All NAVMARCORMARS Radio Stations
NNN0ALM - All Marine Corps Military Unit MARS Radio Stations
NNN0ALN - All Navy Military Unit MARS Radio Stations
NNN0ALS - All Stations This Net


* Appendix E - acronyms and abbreviations

o Acronyms and abbreviations
AAAV            = ADVANCED AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT VEHICLE
AACS            = AIRBORNE AIR CONTROL SQUADRON
AACTS           = AIRBORNE AIR CONTROL & TRAINING SQUADRON
ABCCC           = AIRBORNE BATTLEFIELD COMMAND AND CONTROL CENTRE
ACTU            = ACTING COMMANDER, TASK UNIT
ACW             = AIRBORNE CONTROL WING
ADFR            = AUSTRALIAN DEFENSE FORCES RADIO
ADMIRALNLFLEET  = Admirality of the Netherlands Fleet (HQ)
ADN             = AIR DEFENSE NET
AER RIANTA      = MRCC SHANNON
AF              = Affaires Maritimes
AFAN            = AMERICAN FORCES ANTARCTIC NETWORK
AFB             = AIR FORCE BASE
AFRES           = AIR FORCE RESERVE (WEATHER RECONNAISSANCE SQUADRON)
AFS             = AIR FORCE STATION
AFSOC           = AIR FORCE SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND
ALCE            = AIRLIFT CONTROL ELEMENT
ALE             = AUTOMATIC LINK ESTABLISHMENT
ALINDIEN        = All French forces in the Indian Ocean
ALMDS           = AIRBORNE LASER MINE DETECTION SYSTEM
ALO             = AUTOMATIC LINK OPTIMIZATION
ALS             = AIRLIFT SQUADRON
AMC             = AIR MOBILITY COMMAND
AMS             = AERONAUTICAL MOBILE SERVICE
AMSS            = AERONAUTICAL MOBILE SATELLITE SERVICE
ANZUS           = Australia, New Zealand & USA
AOCC            = AIR OPERATIONS COORDINATION CENTRE
APO             = ARMY/AIR FORCE POST OFFICE
ARIA            = ADVANCED RANGE INSTRUMENTATION AIRCRAFT
ARRC            = NATO'S ALLIED COMMAND EUROPE RAPID REACTION CORPS
ART             = AIRBORNE RADAR TECHNICIAN -AWACS
ARW             = AIR REFUELING WING
ASEAN           = Association of South East Asian Nations
ASO             = AIR SURVEILLANCE OFFICER -AWACS
ASW             = ANTI SUBMARINE WARFARE
ATN             = AERONAUTICAL TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK
AWACS           = AIRBORNE WARNING AND CONTROL SYSTEM
BAMO            = Batiment Anti-Mines Oceanique Navy
BATIMENT        = 'Ship' followed by the name of a navy vessel
BATINF          = Infantry Batallion
BATRAL          = Batiments d'Assaut et de TRansport Legers
BBPD            = Batiments Bases pour Plongeurs Demineurs
BEGM            = Batiment Experimental Guerre de Mines
BELNAV          = BELGIAN NAVY
BEM             = Batiment d'Essais de Mesures
BFBS            = BRITISH FORCES BROADCASTING SERVICE
BFCO            = BRITISH FOREIGN AND COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
BINRS           = Batiments d'Instruction a la Navigation
                  Remorqeurs de Sonars
BO              = Batiment Oceanographique Bougainville
BRIGA           = Brigade
BSL             = Batiment de Soutien Logistique
BTS             = Batiment de Transport et de Soutien
CAP             = CAPITAN
CAS             = CLOSE AIR SUPPORT
CBU             = CONSTRUCTION BATTALION UNIT
CCDSEVEN        = Chief of Coastguard Group 7
CCF             = COMBINED CADET FORCE
CCG             = CANADIAN COAST GUARD
CDIC            = Chaland de Debarquement d'Infanterie et de Chards
CEC             = Commande Et Controle
CECLANT         = Commande et Controle Atlantique
CECMED          = Commande et Controle Mediterannee
CEDLANT         = Commande Et Controle, atLANTique
CEL             = Centre de les Landes (Missle Trials Centre)
CELGENDJUEMED   = CELLULE GENDARMERIE JEUX MEDITERRANEENS
CEM             = Centre d'Essais de la Mediterranee
                  (Levant Island Missle Range)
CENTCINARMEES   = CENTRE DISTRIBUTION CINE ARMEES
CENTHERTZ       = Centre Hertz area
CENTRANS        = Centre Transmissions
CEP             = Centre d'Experimentation du Pacifique
                  (Nuclear Test Range, Mururoa)
CETIEGM         = Centre d'ETudes, d'Instruction et d'Entrainment
                  de la Guerre Maritimes
CF              = CANADIAN FORCES
CFARS           = CANADIAN FORCES AFFILIATED RADIO SYSTEM
CFM             = CONFORME (ACKNOWLEDGE)
CHMS            = COMMANDER HYDRO METEOROLOGICAL
CHOD            = Commander Headquarter of Defense
CIA             = COMPANIA (COMPANY)
CIC             = Combat Information Centre
CIEH            = Centre d'Instruction des Equipages d'Helicopeteres
CIFAS           = Centre d'Instruction de Force Aerienne Stragique
CIGEND          = COMPAGNIE DES GENDARMERIE
CIGEND          = Compagnie de Gendarmerie
CIMAT           = COMPAGNIE REGIMENT MATERIAL
CIMAT           = Compagnie Material
CIN             = COMMONWEALTH OF INDIPENDENT STATES (NAVY)
CINC            = Commander-in-Chief
CINCAIR         = Commander-in-Chief Air Base
CINCAIRBASE     = Commander-in-Chief Air Base
CINCEASTLANT    = Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic
CINCFLEET       = Commander-in-Chief of Fleet
CINCLANT        = Commander-in-Chief atLANTic forces
CINCLANTFLT     = Commander in Chief Atlantic Fleet
CINCNAVBASE     = Commander-in-Chief NAVal BASE
CINCNAVSURFLANT = Commander-in-Chief NAVal SURFace fleet, atLANTic
CINCNORNAVEUR   = Commander-in-Chief NORthern Naval forces EURope
CINCPAC         = Commander-in-Chief Pacific
CINCPACAF       = Commander-in-Chief Pacific Air Force
CINCPACFLT      = Commander-in-Chief Pacific Fleet
CINCSEURCOM     = Commander-in-Chief Southern EURope COMmand
CINCSOUTH       = Commander-in-Chief Southern Task Forces
CINCUKAIR       = Commander in Chief UK Air
CINCUKAIRALT    = COMMANDER IN CHIEF UK ALTERNATE
CINCUSNAVEUR    = Commander-in-Chief US-Naval Forces Europe
CIPREVOT        = Compagnie Prevotale
CIRAT           = CENTRE INFORMATION ET RECRUTEMENT AT
CJTF            = Commander Joint Task Force
CMT             = Chasseurs de Mines Tripartites
CNLTICC         = Commander Netherlands Tactical Info and Conduction Ctr
CNS             = Commander Naval Subarea
COL CKD         = COMMANDING OFFICIAL CHECKED
COM             = Commander
COM             = Compagnie (French forces)
COMAIRBASE      = Commander of Air Base
COMAIRPAC       = Commander Air Forces Pacific Fleet
COMAO           = Combined Air Operations
COMBENCHAN      = Commander Benelux-Channel Area
COMCANLANT      = Commander Canadian Forces Atlantic Area
COMCARGRU       = Commander Carrier Group
COMCECLANT      = Commander Central Atlantic
COMCEN CTC      = COMMUNICATIONS CENTER CTC
COMCEN CURRAGH  = COMMUNICATIONS CENTER, CURRAGH
COMCEN EAST     = COMMUNICATIONS CENTER EAST, SHANNON
COMCEN SOUTH    = COMMUNICATIONS CENTER SOUTH, HAULBOWLINE
COMCEN WEST     = COMMUNICATIONS CENTER WEST
COMCRUDESGRU    = Commander of Cruising Destroyer Groups
COMEDCENT       = Commander Central Mediterranean
COMEDEAST       = Commander Eastern Mediterranean
COMEDNOREAST    = Commander North Eastern Mediterranean, Ankara
COMFAIRMED      = Commander Fleet Air Mediterranean
COMGEND         = Compagnie Gendarmerie
COMGENDAR       = Compagnie Gendarmerie
COMGIBMED       = Commander Gibraltar-Mediterranean Area
COMHELDES       = Commander Hellenic Destroyers
COMHELFLEET     = Commander Hellenic Fleet
COMHELSUB       = Commander Hellenic Submarines
COMIDEASTFOR    = Commander Middle East Forces
COMLANTAREA     = Commander Atlantic Area
COMMCEN         = Communications Center
COMMERMARLANT   = Commander Merchant Marine Atlantic
COMNASOUTH      = Commander in Chief Naval Area South
COMNATONAVFORBALT = Commander NATO NAVal BALTic FORces
COMNATONAVFORLANT = Commander NATO Naval Baltic Forces
COMNAVAIRSTA    = Commander Naval Air Station
COMNAVBALTAP    = Commander Naval Forces Baltic Approaches
COMNAVBASE      = Commander Naval Base
COMNAVFORCARIB  = Commander Naval Forces Caribbean
COMNAVNON       = Commander Naval Forces Northern Norway
COMNAVSONOR     = Commander Naval Forces Southern Norway
COMNAVSURFGRUMED= Commander Naval Surface Group Mediterranean Area
COMNAVSURFLANT  = Commander of the Naval Surface Force Atlantic fleet
COMNORECHAN     = Commander Northwood-Channel Area
COMNORLANT      = Commander Northern Atlantic
COMPATWINGSLANT = Commander Patrol WIngs Atlantic
COMPATWINGTEN   = COMMAND-PATROL WING TEN
COMPG           = Composite Group
COMPHMRON       = COMMANDER AMPHIBIOUS (NAVY)
COMPLYMCHAN     = Commander Plymouth-Channel Area
COMRATS         = Commuted Rations
COMSEC          = Communications Security
COMSECONDFLT    = Commander of the Second Fleet
COMSTRKFLTLANT  = Commander Striking Fleet Atlantic
COMSTRKFORLANT  = Commander Strike Force Atlantic
COMSUBGRP       = Commander Submarine Group
COMSUBGRU       = Commander Submarine group
COMSUBLANT      = Commander Submarine Forces Atlantic Fleet
COMSUBPAC       = Commander Submarine Forces Pacific Fleet
COMSUBRON       = Commander Submarine Squadron
COMSUBSERVICENL = Commander Submarine Service Netherlands
COMSURFPAC      = Commander Surface Forces Pacific Fleet
CONCUKAIR       = COMMANDER IN CHIEF UK AIR
CONUS           = Continental United States
CoS             = Chief-of-StaffCOSSAC
COSSAC          = Chief of Staff Allied Supreme Headquarters
COTAM           = COMMANDEMENT DU TRANSPORT AEERIEN MILITAIRE
CRO             = COASTAL RADAR ORGANISATION (NAVY)
CROSS           = CENTRE REGIONAL OPERATIONNEL DE SURVEILLANCE
                  ET DE SAUVETAGE
CRP             = CONTROL AND REPORTING POST
CTF/G/U         = Commander Task Force / Group / Unit
CTM             = Chalands de Transport de Materiel
CTU             = COMMANDER TASK UNIT
D...            = DIRECCION DE ... (HQ, ADMINISTRATION OF...)
DEFNAV          = DEFENSE NAVAL
DELEMIL         = Delegation Militaire
DEPMUNI         = Depot de Munitions
DETECHSOUT      = DETACHEMENT TECNIUE DE SOUTIEN
DETGENI         = Detachment Maintenance Genie
DF              = Douanes Francaises
DFHQ            = DUTY OFFICE OF THE DEFENSE HQ IN DUBLIN
DIG             = DELIVERY INDICATOR GROUP
DIGEGUCI        = DIRECCION GENERAL GUARDIA CIVIL (HQ, GC)
DIRCEN          = Direction du Centre d'Experimentations Nucleaires
DIVRHIN         = Division du Rhin
ECOMM           = Emergency Communications
EEI             = Emergency Event Identifier
ESRONGENDMOBIL  = Escadron Gendarmerie Mobile
ESRONGENDROUT   = Escadron Gendarmerie Autoroute
ETABHYDROC      = Etablissement Hydroc, Brest
ETAREGMOB       = Establissement Regio Material Mobile
FAN             = Force d'Action (Toulon)
FAO             = Flotte Auxiliaire Occasionnelle
FAR             = Force d'Assistance Rapide
FGM             = Force de Guerre des Mines (Brest)
FLO             = ADMINISTRATION MATTERS
FLTCINC         = US Navy Fleet Commander in Chief
FMC             = FRENCH MISSILE CENTRE
FOD             = FLAG OFFICER DENMARK (NAVY)
FOST            = Force Oceanique Strategique
FPO             = FLEET POST OFFICE
GANTSEC         = USCG GREATER ANTILLES SECTION, SAN JUAN
GASM            = Groupe d'Action Sous-Marine (Brest)
GD              = Gendarmerie Departmentale
GECONUNPF       = GERMAN CONTINGENT OF THE UN PEACE FORCES
GM              = Gendarmerie Maritime
GNF             = GENDARMERIE NATIONALE FRANCAIS
GOBCIV          = CIVIL GOVERNOR
GOBMIL          = MILITARY GOVERNOR
GPO             = GENERAL POST OFFICE
GROUPGEND       = Groupe Gendarmerie
GROUPGENDEP     = GROUPMENT GENDARMERIE DEPARTMENT
GROUPGENDMOBILE = Groupe Gendarmerie Mobile
GROUPHELICO     = Groupe Helicoptere
GROUPREVOT      = GROUPMENT PREVOTAL
GUERRE          = MoD, Dept of War
HGS             = INMARSAT REFERENCE
HOPIARM         = Hopital Instruction des armees
IRECHCRIMGEND   = Institution Recherche Criminelle de Gendarmerie
IRECHCRIMGENDNAT= INSTITUT RECHERCHE CRIMINELLE GENDARMERIE
ISCOMGREENLAND  = ISLAND COMMANDER GREENLAND
JASSM           = JOINT AIR-TO-SURFACE STANDOFF MISSILE
JECECOM         = CHIEF COMMUNICATIONS CENTER
JECOR           = JEFE CORONEL (CORONEL IN CHARGE)
JEMOVIL         = JEFATURA MOVIL (MOBILE HQ)
JETER           = JEFE TERRITORIO (CHIEF OF AREA)
JEZO            = JEFE ZONA (CHIEF OF REGION)
JPATS           = JOIN PRIMARY AIRCRAFT TRAINING SYSTEM
JPO             = JOINT PROGRAM OFFICE
JRB             = JOINT RESERVE BASE
KS-##           = CUSTOMS BOAT
LEG             = Gendarmerie Fort de France
LEGF            = LEGEND FORT DE FRANCE
MACS            = MILITARY AERONAUTICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM
MANUARM         = ATELIER CONSTRUCTION ARMEMENT
MAR             = MARITIMO
MARAD           = MARITIME ADMINISTRATION
MARS            = MILITARY AFFILIATED RADIO SYSTEM
MHQAUST         = Military Headquarter of Australia
MRCC            = MARITIME RESCUE COORDINATION CENTER
MRSC            = MARITIME RESCUE SUB-CENTER
MSCO            = MILITAR SEALIFT COMMAND OFFICE
NATO            = North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NAVCAMS         = Naval Communications Area Master Station
NAVCOMCEN       = Naval Communiaction Center
NAVCOMEX        = NATO NAVAL COMMUNICATIONS EXERCISES
NAVCOMNZ        = NAVAL COMMAND NEW ZEALAND
NAVCOMSTA       = Naval Communications Station
NAVMARCORMARS   = Naval Marine Corps MARS
NAWS            = NOTICE TO ALLIED WARSHPIS
NCS             = NETWORK COORDINATION STATIONS
NCSORG          = National Center for Shipping Organisation
NECOS/NCS       = NET CONTROL STATION
NLDIRGENSHIPPING= DUTCH DIRECTOR GENERAL SHIPPING
NLMOC           = NAVAL ATLANTIC METEOROLOGY AND OCEANONGRAPHY CENTER
NOGAPS          = NAVY OPERATIONAL GLOBAL ATMOSPHERICS PREDICTION SYSTEM
NORAD           = NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND
NORAPS          = NAVY OPERATIONAL REGIONAL ATMOSPHERICS PREDICTION SYSTEM
NOSC            = NAVAL OCEAN SYSTEMS CENTER
NRL             = NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY
NSA             = National Shipping Authority
NSHQ            = NAVAL SUPREEM HEADQUARTER
NTDS            = NAVY TACTICAL DATA SYSTEM
NZCD            = NEW ZEALAND CIVIL DEFENSE
NZCG            = NEW ZEALAND COAST GUARD
OCS             = OPERATIONAL CONTROL SYSTEM
ONI             = OFFICE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE
OPCONC          = Operations Control Center
OPSCEN          = US Coast Guard Area Operations Center
PAO-3           = PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICER, DETACHMENT 3
PICO            = SELCAL INDICATOR LIGHT
PMS             = PERSONNEL MATTERS
PNN             = PREFECTURA NACIONAL NAVAL
PREFREG         = Prefet de Region
PROV            = PROVINCIA, PROVINCIAL
RACE            = RESEARCH IN ADVANCED COMMNUNICATIONS IN EUROPE
RAE             = ROYAL AIRCRAFT ESTABLISHMENT
RAF             = ROYAL AIR FORCE
RAFC            = ROYAL AREA FORECAST CENTRE
RAN             = ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY
RCMP            = ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE
REG             = Regiment
REGARTIMA       = Regiment Artillerie de Marine
REGCHAUS        = REGIMENT CHASSEURS
REGHELICO       = Regiment Helicoptere
REGTRANS        = REGIMENT TRANSPORTS
RFA             = ROYAL FLEET AUXILARY
RNZAF           = ROYAL NEW ZEALAND AIR FORCE
RNZN            = ROYAL NEW ZEALAND NAVY
RR              = Remorqueurs Ravitailleurs
SAC             = Supreme Allied Commander
SACEUR          = Supreme Allied Commander Europe
SACLANT         = Supreme Allied Commander atLANTic
SECAEROGEND     = Section Aerienne de Gendarmerie
SERVHISTO       = SERVICE HISTORIQUE ARMEE DE TERRE/MARINE
SHAEF           = Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Forces
SHAPE           = Supreme Headquarters of Allied Powers in Europe
SJH             = FISH REPORTS AND STUDENT RELATED
SMG             = SPECIAL MOBILE GROUP
SOG             = SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP
SONSOUTRANS     = SECTION INTERVENTION ET ENTRETIEN
SOO             = IRISH NAVY OPERATIONS
SOS             = SPECIAL OPERATIONS SQUADRON
SOW             = SPECIAL OPERATIONS WING
SRPJ            = Service Regional Police Ajaccio
STANAVFORLANT   = Standing Naval Force North Atlantic
STANAVFORMED    = Standing Naval Force Mediterranean
STRIKEFORSOUTH  = STRIKE FORCE SOUTH (NATO)
SUNRAY          = COMMANDING OFFICER
SVC             = SERVICIO
SVC MAR         = SERVICIO MARITIMO (CUSTOMS BOATS)
SYRACUSE        = Systeme de Radio Communication Utilisant un Satellite
TARM            = TACTICAL REQUEST NET
TCOL            = TENIENTE CORONEL
TFE             = PERSONNEL BUREAU
TRANS           = Transport
UHEL-..         = HELICOPTER NUMBER XX
UNCRO           = UN CONFIDENCE RESTORATION OPERATION IN CROATIA
UNDOF           = UN DISENGAGEMENT AND OBSERVATION FORCES
UNDP            = UN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM'S
UNECA           = UN ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA
UNESCAP         = UN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA & PACIFIC
UNF             = UN FORCES
UNFICYP         = UN PEACE FORCE IN CYPRUS
UNHCR           = UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES
UNIFIL          = UN INTERIM FORCES IN NAQOURA -LEBANON
UNMOGIP         = UN IN INDIA/PAKISTAN
UNO             = UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
UNOMIL          = UN OBSERVER MISSION IN LIBERIA
UNOSAL          = UN IN EL SALVADOR
UNOSOM          = UN IN SOMALIA
UNPF            = UN PEACE FORCES
UNPREDEP        = UN PREVENTIVE DEPLOYMENT FORCE IN FORMER REP.MACEDONIA
UNPROFOR        = UN PROTECTION FORCE IN BOSNIA
URQ             = OPERATIONS RELATED
USACE           = UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
USAF            = UNITED STATES AIRFORCE
USAFE           = U.S.AIR FORCES EUROPE
USARP           = UNITED STATE ANTARCTIC RESEARCH PROGRAMM
USCOMEASTLANT   = US Commander East Atlantic
USMC            = UNITED STATE MARINE CORPS
USMILGP         = UNITED STATE MILITARY GROUP
USN             = UNITED STATE NAVY
USNG            = UNITED STATE NATIONAL GUARD
USNO            = UNITED STATE NAVAL OBSERVATORY
USNSFA          = UNITED STATE NAVAL SUPPORT FORCE ANTARCTICA
USSTRATCOM      = UNITED STATE STRATEGIC COMMAND
WESTPAC         = Western Pacific Area
WEU             = UNO MONITOR MISSION IN BOSNIA & TASK FORCE ZAGREB
WSA             = WEATHER SYSTEM ANALYST

Note: indicators including the phrase 'GEND' are GENDARMERIE units.

NATO / SFOR Acronyms
--------------------
AAR        Air-to-Air Refuelling
ABCC       Airborne Battlefield Command and Control
ACFL       Agreed Cease Fire Line
AD         Air Defence
ADAMS      Allied Deployment and Movement System
AEW        Airborne Early Warning
AIE        Armed Islamic Extremists
AMCC       ACE Mobility Coordination Centre
AOCC       Air Operation Coordination Center
AOR        Area of Responsibility
AOT        Area of Transfer
APOD       Air Port of Departure
APOE       Air Port of Embarkation
APWB       Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia
ARRC       ACE Rapid Reaction Corps
ARSK       Arjhan Serb Krajina
AW         All Weather (RADAR)
B-H        Bosnia - Herzegovina
BDUS       Battle Dress Uniforms
BHC        Bosnia-Herzegovina Command
BIH        Bosnia Herzegovina Army (Muslims)
BKS        Barracks
BSA        Bosnian Serb Army
C-SPT      Commander for Support
C/S        Civilian Staff
CAM        Chemical Agent Monitor
CAS        Close Air Support
CAVOK      Ceiling and Visibility OK
CE         Combat Engineers
CFV        Cease Fire Violation
CIMIC      Civil Military Cooperation
CIVPOL     Civilian Police
CJCCC      Combined Joint Communication Coordination Centre
CL (CFL)   Confrontation Line
COMMZ      Communication Zone
COMSUBMED  Commander Submarines Mediterranean
COS        Chief of Staff
CP         Command Post
CPIC       Coalition Public Information Centre
CPSE       Corps Psyops Support Element
CRD        CINCSOUTH Required Date
CTG        Commander Task Group
CVRT       "Combat Vehicle, Reconnaissance Track"
CVTG       Aircraft Carrier Task Group
DDP        Detailed Deployment Plan
DME        Distant Measure Equipment
DMZ        Demilitarized Zone
DPA        Dayton Peace Agreement
DPS        Displaced Persons
ECMM       European Community Monitoring Mission
FAA        Forward Assembly Area
FI         Fire Incident
FOM        Freedom of Movement
FRY        Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)
FWF        Former Warring Factions
GDS        Guards
GFAP       General Framework Agreement for Peace
HMV(HUMMV) High Mobility Vehicle
HOP        Herald of Peace (Info Campaign)
HR         High Representative
HV         Croatian Army
HVO        Bosnian Croat Forces
ICC        IFOR Coordination Centre
ICRC       International Committee of the Red Cross
ICT        International Criminal Tribunal
ICTY       International Crime Tribunal for Yugoslavia
IEBL       Inter-Entity Boundary Line
IFOR       Peace Implementation Forces
IG         Islamic Group
IIC        IFOR Information Campaign
ILS        Instrument Landing System
IO         International Organization
IPTF       International Police Task Force (UN)
IRGC       Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps
IVO        In the vicinity of
JAC        Joint Analysis Centre
JCC        Joint Civil Commission
JMC        Joint Military Commission
JMCC       Joint Movement Control Centre
JOC        Joint Operation Centre
JSTARS     Joint Surveillance and Tactical Attack Radar System
JVB        Joint Visitors' Bureau
LAN        Local Area Network
LEC        Locally Employed Civilian
LLMC       Low Level Military Commission
LP         Light Patrol
MC         Mine Countermesures
MCC        Movement Control Centre
MCF        Muslim-Croat Federation
MCMV       Mine Counter Measure Vessel
MCR        Military-Civil Relations
MEU        Marine Expeditionary Unit
MND        Multinational Division
MSF        Mdecins Sans Frontires
NABS       NATO Air Base Satellite
NAVAIDS    Navigational Aids
NFZ        No Fly Zone
NGO        Non Governmental Organisation
NOK        Next of Kin
NSE        National Support Element
OAS        Offensive Air Support
OHR        Office of the High Representative
OP         Observation Post
OP AREA    Operational Area
OPCON      Operational Control
OSA        Operational Support Aircraft
OSCE       Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PAR        Precision Approach Radar
PDC        Product Development Center
PEC        Provisional Election Commission
PI         Public Information
PIO        Public Information Officer
POW        Prisoner of War
PSYOP      Psychological Operation
RAMCC      Regional Air Movement Co-ordination Centre
RAPCON     Radar Approach Control
RBH        Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
RECCE      Reconnaissance
RJC        Regional Joint Committee
RM         Restriction of Movement
RMP        Royal Military Police (UK)
ROE        Rule of Engagement
ROZ        Restricted Operating Zone
RSBE       Serbian Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
RSK        Republic of Serbian Krajina
RSN        Role Specialist Nation
SA         Small Arms
SCR        Security Council Resolution
SDAP       Serb Democratic Action Party
SFOR       Peace Stabilisation Forces
SFS        Striking and Support Forces Southern Europe
SGT        Satellite Ground Terminal
SIVB       SHAPE/IFOR Visitors' Bureau
SKF        Serb Krajina Forces
SOCIFOR    Special Operations Command IFOR
SOF        Special Operations Forces
SOR        Statement of Requirements
SRHCN      Southern Region High Command Net
SRSG       Special Representative of (UN) Secretary General
SVAS       San Vito Air Station (IT)
TACAN      Tactical Air Navigation (System)
TACP       Tactical Air Control Party
TAOO       Theatre Area of Operations
TCN        Troops Contributing Nation
TEZ        Total Exclusion Zone
TF         Task Force
TOA        Transfer of Authority
TSGT       Transportable Satellite Ground Terminal
TST        Tactical Support Team
UNHCR      UN High Commissary for Refugees
UNMO       UN Military Observer
UNPAS      UN Protected Zone
UNPF       UN Peace Force
UNSCR      UN Security Council Resolution
UNTAES     United Nations Transitional Admin. for Eastern Slavonia
VFR        Visual Flight Rules (Air Navigation System)
VOM        Vertical Omnidirectional Range (Air Navigation System)
VRS        Bosnian Serb Army
WCP        Weapons Collecting Point
WF         Warring Factions
WPN        Weapon


* Appendix F - most used Z-codes

ZBO I have the following messages (precedence) for you
      i.e. NRVF DE NDIB ZBO 1O 2P 3R INT QRV K
ZEN Message has been delivered by separate transmission or other means
ZFD Suspected duplicate
ZFQ Two messages ___ and ___ received under channel # ___. Both received
ZFX Channel #___ is open
ZIC Station serial number of last msg transmitted to you is ___
ZID Station serial number of last msg received from you is ___
ZKJ I am closing down / I am closing down until ____
ZNB Authentication is ___
ZNN All clear of traffic
ZNR This message may be forwarded without chance by radio or non-
      approved circuits. (Unclassified messages)
ZNY This code preceeds the security code of a message.
ZUI Your attention is invited to ___ (message no. etc)


* Appendix G - sample messages

Example of a 'NATO UNCLASS' ACP 127 message:
-------
   vzczcxxl038
   rr rffxl
   de rffab #0196 2701547
   znr uuuuu
   r 271547z sep 94
   fm mindefense sirpa paris
   to aig 2260
   rffva/air dipermil paris
   rffxia/comair bangui
   rfgeew/air berlin
   rfligf/air radar kourou
   rftjd/comair libreville
   rftpa/comelef n djamena
   rffuiob/air cencopolyguelec ramstein
   rffvat/comelef aconit
   rffvae/detair alysse
   rffvay/detair sarajevo
   rffbbyz/air detam split
   rffvai/comelef crecerelle
   rxfgao/fr det cervia
   rxfgae/33 trw deployed istrana
   rffbbyz/comelefrance forpronu
   rffab/comelef el gorah
   rffxl/comelefrance liban
   rffvaea/comelef alysse
   rffxi/comelef bangui
   rftjd/batinfma libreville
   rftjf/batinfma port bouet
   rffbbyz/batesc france bihac
   rffbbys/batinf deux france forpronu sarajevo
   rffbbys/batinf quatre france forpronu sarajevo
   rffbbyz/batlog france forpronu zagreb
   rffbbyz/batinf france forpronu glina
   rffbbyz/batgen france forpronu kakanj
   rffbbyz/detalat france forpronu split
   rufpssa/fr det san vito
   rffedt/comelef goma
   bt
   nato unclas
   section 1 de 2
   mca sitpress
   nmr 7267/def/cab/sirpa/copid/brs du 27 sep 94
   obj / revih  de presse journee du 27 septembre 1994.
   nations unies/l'ouverture des debats de l'assemblee generale
   des nations unies a ete dominee lundi par l'allocution du
   president bill clinton qui a annonce la levee de toutes les
   sanctions americaines contre haiti excepte celles dont la
   levee beneficierait aux dirigeants militaires. 'j'exhorte
   toutes les autres nations a faire de meme', a declare le chef
   de la maison blanche.

   

The French link ARQE/192/170 on 6976 (EHR) and 7614 (EHQ); sample:
-------
   fm centrans ajaccio
   to rffedcs/superviseur souge
   rffhcarq/cab arq ajaccio
   bt
   non protege
   obj essai souge
   txt
   essai quotidien des teleiprimeur - faites surtes sur cet essai toutes
   les verifications prescrites par 1 i.g.t - signalez immediatement au
   chef de votre centre de rattachement toute anomalie constantee meme si
   elle ne parait pas de nature a gener 1 exploitation courante
   voyer le brick geant que j examine pres du wharf 12345678901234567890
   ryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryry
   ryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryryry

   bt
   #0301
   nnnn

This is an example of a Modified ACP 126 message in USMTF (US Message
Text Format). The message form has not been completely filled in.

---------------------
1. Blood Report

   LEGEND
   RUC = Reporting Unit Code
   SPL = Ship Projected Location
   TBPERP = Total Blood Products End of Report Period
   TBPTFN = Total Blood Products and Time Frame Needed
   EBPEND = Estimate Blood Products to Expire Next 7 Days
   EBPRND = Estimate Blood Products Resupply Next 7 Days

   RAAUZYUW XXXXXXX\\\\ 2771200-UUUU--YYYYYYY.
   ZNR UUUUU R 041200Z OCT 93
   FM CDRUSAREUR BLOOD BANK LANDSTUHL GE//AJBPO-II//
   TO USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECMD//
   ASBPO WASHINGTON DC//
   BT
   UNCLAS
   OPER//
   MSGID/BLDREP//
   REF//
   AMPN//
   NARR//
   ASOFDTG/_______//
   REPUNIT/RUC___/_/UNIT LOCATION/SPL________/SHIP ETA____//
   BLDINVT/RUC___/_/TBPERP_//
   BLDREQ/RUC___/_/TBPTFN__//
   BLDEXP/RUC___/_/EBPEND_//
   BLDEST/RUC___/_/EBPRND_//
   BT
   #\\\\
   NNNN

   NOTE: "XXXXXXX" AND "YYYYYYY" ARE FOR ROUTING
   INDICATORS SPECIFIC FOR IDIVIDUAL COMMANDS/ORGANIZATIONS. CHECK WITH
   YOUR MESSAGE CENTER FOR CORRECT INDICATORS.

2. Blood Shipment Report

   LEGEND
   RUC = Reporting Unit Code
   SPL = Ship Projected Location
   BP = Blood Product
   OPOS = Number of O Positive Units
   ONEG = Number of O Negative Units
   APOS = Number of A Positive Units
   ANEG = Number of A Negative Units
   BPOS = Number of B Positive Units
   BNEG = Number of B Negative Units
   ABPOS = Number of AB Positive Units
   ABNEG = Number of AB Negative Units
   TOTCTBP = Total Count of Blood Product Units
   ABN = Air Bill Control Number
   MSN = Mission Number
   ETA = Estimated Time of Arrival
   PRIPHN = Primary Phone Number
   PRIFRQ = Primary Frequency in Megahertz
   SECPHN = Secondary Phone Number
   SECFREQ = Secondary Frequency in Megahertz

   RCTUZYUW XXXXXXX\\\\ 2771200-UUUU--YYYYYYY.
   ZNR UUUUU
   R041200Z OCT 93
   FM CDRUSAREUR BLOOD BANK LANDSTUHL GE//AJBPO-II//
   TO NAVHSOP SIGONELLA IT//
   INFO USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECMD/JBPO//
   BT
   UNCLAS
   OPER//
   MSGID/BLDSHIPREP//
   REF//
   AMPN//
   NARR//
   ASOFDTG//
   REPUNIT/RUC___/_/UNIT LOCATION__/SPL________/SHIP ETA____//
   1SHIPD/BP/OPOS/ONEG/APOS/ANEG/BPOS/BNEG/ABPOS/ABNEG/TOTCTBP
   /__/____/____/____/____/____/____/_____/_____/_______//
   BLDSHIP/ABN_________________/MSN_____/ETA_________/NUMBER_________/
   / POC/CONTACT
   NAME________/RANK/PRIPHN:_______________/PRIFRQ:________ /POC
   LOCATION___/SECPHN:_______________/SECFRQ:________// BT
   #\\\\
   NNNN


Another ACP 126 sample:

   RTTUZYUW RUBDOPU0001 1220841-UUUU--RHMCSUU.
   ZNR UUUUU
   R 120842Z MAY 97
   FM USS BRISCOE
   TO USS NEVERSAIL
   INFO COMNAVSURFLANT NORFOLK VA//00//
   BT
   UNCLAS //N03000//
   MSGID/GENADMIN/BRISCOE//
   REF/A/RMG/USS NEVERSAIL/101200ZMAY97//
   AMPN/REF A IS A TEST MESSAGE//
   SUBJ/TEST//
   RMKS/1. THIS IS A TEST//
   BT
   #0001


Samples of circuit test messages:

   vzczcufa007
   oo rffhcfa
   de rffhcfa
   znr uuuuu
   controle de voie
   portez ce vieux whisky au juge blond qui fume
   1234567890
   ryryryryryryryryr
   nnnn


   VZCZCUFA015
   OO RFFEDFA
   DE RFFEDFA
   ZNR UUUUU
   CONTROLE DE VOIE
   VOYEZ LE BRICK GEANT QUE J'EXAMINE PRES DU WHARF
   1234567880887654321  RYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRYRY
   NNNN


   vzczcudb007
   rr favieres
   de favieres 132 1608
   znr uuuuu
   controle de voie
   reponse dans minutes maximum
   nnnn

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